Mexico's anti-dumping duties on the import of CRC from Vietnam
Steel NewsDate: 04-01-2024 by: Nhu Quynh
The Mexican government has announced anti-dumping duties on cold-rolled coils imported from Vietnam, with the anti-dumping duties ranging from 11.6% to 79%. These duties have been adjusted to lower levels compared to the initial rates proposed by the Mexican Ministry of Economy in September.
Alongside robust growth in export activities, Vietnam's steel products are currently among the most frequently subjected to anti-dumping and countervailing investigations initiated by countries worldwide. Many steel products have faced lawsuits and have been subject to anti-dumping and countervailing duties in major markets such as the United States, the European Union, India, Australia, and more. Most recently, the Mexican government has decided to impose anti-dumping duties on cold-rolled coil products imported from Vietnam.
It is known that Vietnam and Mexico are both members of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), so Vietnam's cold-rolled coil products enjoy a preferential tariff rate of 0% when exported to Mexico. For the groups of cold-rolled coil products currently under anti-dumping investigation, the total export turnover in 2020 was approximately 50 million USD. Among them, the HS code 7209 for cold-rolled iron and steel products accounted for nearly 80% of the production. This marked the second instance of Mexico initiating a trade remedy investigation against Vietnam, following an earlier anti-dumping investigation on coated steel products in 2021.
On July 28, 2022, the Mexican Ministry of Economy initiated an anti-dumping investigation into cold-rolled coils imported from Vietnam based on complaints from the domestic industry. This action was taken in response to the observed unfair international trade practices affecting the country's enterprises. Under the guise of price discrimination, the cold-rolled coil products from Vietnam were deemed to have caused economic harm, leading to a decline in revenue for domestic steel manufacturers.
After a period of investigation, the Mexican government has recently implemented anti-dumping duties on cold-rolled coil products imported from Vietnam. Starting from December 29, imported cold-rolled coil products from Vietnam had been subjected to anti-dumping duties imposed by the Mexican government. Specifically, the rates are 11.64% for products imported from Hoa Phat, 25.64% for those from Posco Vietnam and 79.24% for other manufacturers. In comparison, preliminary duties announced in September were 12.77% for Hoa Phat, 25.64% for Posco Vietnam and 81.06% for other manufacturers.
The anti-dumping duties are applicable to items with the following HS codes: 7209.16.01, 7209.17.01, 7209.18.01, 7209.26.01, 7209.27.01, 7209.28.01, 7209.90.99, 7211.23.03, 7211.29.99, 7211.90.99, 7225.50.91, and 7226.92.06. Currently, steel products imported into Mexico also require a special import license issued by the Mexican government.
In the context where the capabilities to respond to anti-dumping investigations by exporting businesses still have many shortcomings, fostering sustainable growth and exports and avoiding protectionist trade measures requires enterprises to adapt appropriately to the new circumstances. Faced with these challenges, Vietnamese businesses need to diversify risks, explore new export markets and enhance the value-added content of the domestic production chain. By doing so, the manufacturing sector can develop sustainably, minimizing the risk of investigations and applying anti-avoidance measures imposed by importing countries. Additionally, businesses should improve their traceability systems and accounting records to support anti-dumping investigations and facilitate the registration of self-certification mechanisms for the origin of raw materials in products subject to anti-avoidance investigations.